The Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) has released a study on Student Home Connectivity. It looks at how students were able to get online from home in 13 US school districts. They look at speeds, devices, mobility and other factors that impact a student’s ability to do their homework. School districts include urban, rural and suburban school districts with an eye toward providing actionable recommendations for policymakers.
Here’s a summary of their findings…
The findings and recommendations in this report are divided into four distinct topics. The recommendations in this report should be considered a guide for school leaders to support local decisions. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to implementing supports for student home internet connectivity. In fact, it is evident that no one solution will meet the needs of all students. Therefore, school districts must use a variety of strategies and interventions to ensure digital equity. The findings in this report are organized into four topics:
- Learning with Video is Essential for Education
- Students are Mobile and Rely on WiFi
- Certain Communities, Especially Remote and Rural Areas, Require More Support and Resources
- The Remote Learning Experience is Significantly Impacted by Device Quality
Learning with Video is Essential for Education
- Over 85% of network traffic in remote learning is used for video (both synchronous and asynchronous).
- A sufficient upload speed is critical for uninterrupted participation in synchronous video.
- A sufficient download speed is critical for uninterrupted viewing of synchronous or asynchronous video.
- Video-intensive content and applications are increasing in use and this trend is expected to continue for the foreseeable future.
Students are Mobile and Rely on WiFi
- Many students participate in online learning activities outside of the student’s home, including joining from peers’ homes, and even attending classes from other cities, states, and countries.
- 92% of students use WiFi instead of a wired connection, which makes it critical to address home WiFi issues.
- Alongside district-provided devices, students often concurrently use mobile devices, such as their personal phone or tablet, which contributes to increased home bandwidth needs.
Certain Communities, Especially in Remote and Rural Areas, Require More Support and Resources
- Students in more remote or rural areas most often have limited internet access.
- Students working in areas with a large concentration of students may experience poor connectivity.
- Even students from higher socioeconomic families have frequent problems in remote learning/online meeting experiences.
The Remote Learning Experience is Significantly Impacted by Device Quality
- Quality of student experience can be impacted by age, type, and quality of device, as well as device configuration (i.e., user authentication and network filtering tools).
- Student experience can be improved by routinely collecting datasets that provide insight into the student use of district-provided devices.